Database

Browse Database

JORDAN

Since 2018

Pillar Technical standards applied to ICT goods, products and online services  |  Sub-pillar Self-certification for product safety
Instructions for Granting Conformity Certificates No. 2 of 2018
Companies need to submit their equipment for testing to the regulator or its delegated entity. The Instructions for Granting Conformity Certificates No. 2 of 2018 mandate that imported goods are subject to mandatory verification through laboratory testing approved by the Directorate of Conformity Certificates at the Jordan Standards and Metrology Organization (JSMO) and in accordance with its internal procedure. It is reported that approved laboratories testing are exclusively in Jordan. The JSMO undertakes these responsibilities by cooperating with approved labs, including those at the JSMO, Ministry of Health, Greater Amman Municipality, Ministry of Agriculture, and Royal Scientific Society, all of which perform inspection and testing.
Coverage Horizontal

JORDAN

Since June 2001

Pillar Quantitative trade restrictions for ICT goods, products and online services  |  Sub-pillar Other import restrictions, including non-transparent/discriminatory import procedures
Commercial Agents and Intermediaries Law No. 28/2001
According to Art. 6 of the Commercial Agents and Intermediaries Law No. 28/2001, foreign firms should import goods by appointing an agent registered in Jordan. The agent may be a branch office or a wholly-owned subsidiary of a foreign firm. The agent’s connection to the foreign company must be direct, without a sub-agent or intermediary.
Coverage Horizontal

JORDAN

Since January 1998, as amended in 2012, last amended in 2015

Pillar Content access  |  Sub-pillar Licensing schemes for digital services and applications
Law No. 8 of 1998 on Press and Publications
Art. 49 of Law No. 8 stipulates that electronic publications – which publish news, press reports, press releases and comments relevant to the domestic or external affairs of Jordan – must be registered and licensed with the Media Commission, which was previously named the Press and Publications Department. The registration and licence requirements apply to all electronic publications irrespective of their location of operation. Electronic publications owned by individuals that reside outside Jordan, or that have administrative offices outside Jordan, are also subject to the provisions. In addition, one of the requirements for a general news site to obtain a license is to have an editor in chief who has been a member of the Jordan Press Association (JPA) for at least four years (Art. 23/A/1). On the other hand, Art. No. 13/A requires that to grant a license to issue a press or specialized publication, it must be registered as a company in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Law in force. In 2019, 45 news sites were blocked after failing to obtain licenses - however, many of these sites have since successfully applied for licenses and their access has been restored.
Coverage Online News

JORDAN

Reported in 2018, last reported in 2021

Pillar Content access  |  Sub-pillar Blocking or filtering of commercial web content
Blocking of commercial web content
In March 2021, the government blocked Clubhouse, an audio-only social media app, on a number of major internet service providers (ISPs). Clubhouse remained blocked as of June 2021, though users have reported that they could access it through censorship circumvention tools.

From the end of 2018 to the end of 2019, Facebook Live was blocked during weekly demonstrations. In July and August 2020, Facebook Live was once again throttled during strikes and protests by members and supporters of the Teachers’ Syndicate.
Coverage Facebook Live, Clubhouse

JORDAN

Reported in 2015, last reported in 2021

Pillar Content access  |  Sub-pillar Blocking or filtering of commercial web content
Blocking of commercial web content
Since 2015, the government ordered ISPs to block access to messaging apps on days that secondary school students sit for their national exam (Tawjihi). Since 2018, the number of blocked apps has reached seven, including WhatsApp, Messenger, Twitter, and Instagram. However, the restrictions are confined to locations near examination halls and limited to the time period surrounding the exams - on average two hours per day.
Coverage Messaging Apps

JORDAN

Reported in 2019

Pillar Intermediary liability  |  Sub-pillar User identity requirement
Mandatory SIM card registration
There is a mandatory SIM card registration in Jordan. Anyone wanting to purchase a SIM card has to provide their national ID card, or a passport in case of foreigners, to activate a new prepaid SIM card.
Coverage Telecommunications sector

JORDAN

Since September 1998, as amended in 2012

Pillar Intermediary liability  |  Sub-pillar Monitoring requirement
Law No. 8 of 1998 on Press and Publications, as amended by Law No. 32 of 2012 on Press and Publications
The Press and Publication Law No. 8 of 1998, as amended by Law No. 32 of 2012 on Press and Publication, imposes liability on intermediaries for the content posted on news sites, leaving outlets potentially responsible for readers’ comments. Art. 49 of the Law states that both the editors in chief and the owners of online publications are legally responsible for all content posted to their sites, resulting in a monitoring requirement. Moreover, websites must refrain from publishing any “untruthful” or “irrelevant” comments.
Coverage Online News

JORDAN

N/A

Pillar Intermediary liability  |  Sub-pillar Safe harbor for intermediaries for copyright infringement
Lack of intermediary liability framework in place for copyright infringements
Jordan does not have a safe harbour regime in place for intermediaries for copyright infringements.
Coverage Horizontal

JORDAN

N/A

Pillar Intermediary liability  |  Sub-pillar Safe harbor for intermediaries for any activity other than copyright infringement
Lack of intermediary liability framework in place for any activity other than copyright infringement
Jordan does not have a safe harbour regime in place for intermediaries for any activity other than copyright infringement.
Coverage Horizontal

JORDAN

Since April 2018

Pillar Domestic Data policies  |  Sub-pillar Requirement to allow the government to access personal data collected
Regulation Regulating the Transportation of Passengers through Smart Applications No. 9 of 2018
Art. 5 of the Regulation Regulating the Transportation of Passengers through Smart Applications provides that the Land Transport Regulatory Commission has the discretion to request from an operator of ride-hailing apps the information it holds in its database, specifically relating to the service provider, the vehicle, the passenger and ride.
It is reported that as a result of this regulation the Ministry of Transportation as well as judicial and security bodies can access to the companies’ servers and databases without a court order. With this data, the government is reportedly able to track users' movements and activities.
Coverage Ride-hailing apps

JORDAN

Since May 2017
Since December 2018

Pillar Domestic Data policies  |  Sub-pillar Minimum period for data retention
Electronic Payment and Transfer of Money Regulation No. 111/2017

Instructions of Anti Money Laundering and Counter Terrorist Financing For Electronic Payments and Money Transfer Companies No. 12/2018
The Instructions of Anti Money Laundering and Counter Terrorist Financing For Electronic Payments and Money Transfer Companies No. 12/2018, issued under the Payment and Transfer of Money Regulation No. 111/2017, introduces a data retention requirement of five years for transaction data and system logs.
Coverage Financial sector

JORDAN

N/A

Pillar Domestic Data policies  |  Sub-pillar Framework for data protection
Lack of comprehensive legal framework for data protection
Jordan does not have a comprehensive regime in place for all personal data, but it has sectoral regulation:
- The Telecommunications Law 1995 regulates the telecommunications sector in Jordan and imposes confidentiality requirements against telephone calls and private communications, but does not regulate online platform providers;
- The Cybercrime Law No. 27/2015 acts to criminalise unlawful access to websites or information systems such as access without authorisation, permission or in a manner that breaches the said authorisation or permission; and
- Banking Law No. 28/2000 and the Electronic Payment and Transfer of Money Regulation No.111/2017 made disclosures on client transactions and information are highly restricted and subject to rigorous requirements.
Coverage Horizontal

JORDAN

N/A

Pillar Cross-border data policies  |  Sub-pillar Participation in trade agreements committing to open cross-border data flows
Lack of participation in agreements with binding commitments on data flows
Jordan has not joined any agreement with binding commitments to open transfers of data across borders.
Coverage Horizontal

JORDAN

Since December 2000

Pillar Telecom infrastructure and competition  |  Sub-pillar Signature of the WTO Telecom Reference Paper
WTO Telecom Reference Paper
Jordan has appended the World Trade Organization (WTO) Telecom Reference Paper to its schedule of commitments.
Coverage Telecommunications sector