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EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Since February 1999, entry into force in February 2002, last amended in December 2015
Since December 2019, entry into force in March 2020

Pillar Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)  |  Sub-pillar Practical or legal restrictions related to the application process for patents
Bangui Agreement Relating to the Creation of an African Intellectual Property Organization, Constituting a Revision of the Agreement Relating to the Creation of an African and Malagasy Office of Industrial Property (Bangui (Central African Republic), 2 March 1977) (Accord de Bangui relatif à la création d'une Organisation Africaine de la Propriété Intellectuelle, constituant révision de l'Accord relatif à la création d'un Office Africain et Malgache de la Propriété Industrielle (Bangui (République centrafricaine), le 2 mars 1977) Regulations on the profession of Authorised Agent before the African Intellectual Property Organisation (Règlement sur la profession de Mandataire agréé auprès de l'Organisation Africaine de la Propriété Intellectuelle)
According to the Bangui Agreement, ratified by 17 States, including Equatorial Guinea, applicants resident outside the territory of the member States must file through an agent selected in one of those member States (Section III, Art. 8). The professional status of agent accredited to the African Intellectual Property Organisation (OAPI) is governed by the Regulations on the Profession of Authorised Agent before the OAPI.
Coverage Horizontal

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Since July 2001

Pillar Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)  |  Sub-pillar Participation in the Patent Cooperation Treaty
Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)
Equatorial Guinea is a party to the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT).
Coverage Horizontal

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Since March 1977, as amended in December 2015, entry into force in November 2020

Pillar Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)  |  Sub-pillar Copyright law with clear exceptions
Bangui Agreement Relating to the Creation of an African Intellectual Property Organization, Constituting a Revision of the Agreement Relating to the Creation of an African and Malagasy Office of Industrial Property (Bangui (Central African Republic), 2 March 1977) (Accord de Bangui relatif à la création d'une Organisation Africaine de la Propriété Intellectuelle, constituant révision de l'Accord relatif à la création d'un Office Africain et Malgache de la Propriété Industrielle (Bangui (République centrafricaine), le 2 mars 1977)
The Revised Bangui Agreement, which is a regional intellectual property law that is not only a regional convention applicable in all member states but also serves as a national intellectual property law in Equatorial Guinea and each of the other member states, contains provisions on copyright in Annex VII: Chapter IV (Limitations to Economic Rights) and establishes a regime of copyright exceptions.
Coverage Horizontal

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

N/A

Pillar Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)  |  Sub-pillar Signature of the WIPO Copyright Treaty
Lack of signature of the WIPO Copyright Treaty
Equatorial Guinea has not signed the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Copyright Treaty.
Coverage Horizontal

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

N/A

Pillar Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)  |  Sub-pillar Signature of the WIPO Performances and Phonogram Treaty
Lack of signature of the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
Equatorial Guinea has not signed the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Performances and Phonograms Treaty.
Coverage Horizontal

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Reported in 2018, last reported in 2023

Pillar Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)  |  Sub-pillar Mandatory disclosure of business trade secrets such as algorithms or source code
Mandatory disclosure of business trade secrets
It is reported that the government requires internet service providers, whether local or foreign, to turn over source code.
Coverage Internet service providers

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

N/A

Pillar Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)  |  Sub-pillar Effective protection covering trade secrets
Lack of comprehensive trade secret regime
Equatorial Guinea does not have a comprehensive framework in place that provides effective protection of trade secrets, but there are limited measures addressing some issues related to them. In particular, the country has established provisions addressing disclosure, acquisition or use of confidential information in the course of industrial or commercial activities by third parties in Art. 6 of Annex VIII of the Bangui Agreement, which has been ratified by 17 States, including Equatorial Guinea in 2002.
Coverage Horizontal

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Since November 2020

Pillar Telecom infrastructure and competition  |  Sub-pillar Passive infrastructure sharing obligation
Ministerial Order No. 3/2020, approving the Regulation on Rights and Public Service Obligations to carry out Telecommunication Activities (Orden Ministerial Num. 3/2020, Reglamento sobre Títulos Habilitantes y Obligaciones de Servicio Público para Desempeñar Actividades de Telecomunicaciones en la República de Guinea Ecuatorial)
Art. 31 of the Ministerial Order No. 3/2020 requires economic agents operating public networks to facilitate access to their network centres and allow facility sharing.
Coverage Telecommunications sector

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Reported in 2021, last reported in 2024

Pillar Public procurement of ICT goods and online services  |  Sub-pillar Other limitations on foreign participation in public procurement
Lack of public procurement law
It is reported that there is a lack of clarity about the applicable regulation on public procurement, which makes the procedures opaque, although a draft law on public procurement and contracts is reportedly under discussion. It is unclear whether the colonial-era Public Procurement Law No. 923/1965 of 8 April (amended by Decree No. 4/1980) is still in force. This older framework is reported to be incomplete, it does not meet international standards and does not ensure transparency in the award of contracts. As a result, most contracts are awarded by direct award.
Coverage Horizontal

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Since October 1990

Pillar Public procurement of ICT goods and online services  |  Sub-pillar Other limitations on foreign participation in public procurement
Law No. 6/1.990 on Special Regime for Investments of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (Ley Núm. 6/1.990, sobre Régimen Especial de Inversiones de Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas (PYME) en la República de Guinea Ecuatorial)
According to the Law No. 6/1.990 on Special Regime for Investments of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), several fiscal, customs and administrative benefits are established for Equatoguinean SMEs, including preferential access to public bids in the branch of their activity (Art. 18). According to Art. 6, Equatoguinean SMEs are companies with the following characteristics: (i) they are owned by natural persons of Equatoguinean nationality; (ii) their share capital is represented by at least 51% by nationals and the management functions are effectively exercised by nationals; (iii) the annual turnover does not exceed 500,000,000 XAF (approx. USD 835,000). The special regime only applies in certain sectors, which are listed in Art. 8, which include manufacturing and graphics services.
Coverage Horizontal

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

N/A

Pillar Public procurement of ICT goods and online services  |  Sub-pillar Signatory of the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA)
Lack of participation in the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA)
Equatorial Guinea is not a party to the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) nor does it have observer status, as it is not a member of the WTO.
Coverage Horizontal

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Since April 1992, last amended in June 1994

Pillar Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in sectors relevant to digital trade  |  Sub-pillar Screening of investment and acquisitions
Law No. 7/1992 on the Investment Regime in the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (Ley Núm. 7/1.992 sobre Régimen de Inversiones en la República de Guinea Ecuatorial)
In accordance with Art. 5.4 of Law No. 7/1992 on the Investment Regime in the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, the Ministry of Planning issues a certificate approving or rejecting foreign investment projects, after conducting background checks on the foreign investors involved in the investment projects. The background checks cover: (i) credit references; (ii) commercial background; and (iii) moral solvency of the investors.
Coverage Horizontal

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Since April 2020
Since January 2014, entry into force in May 2014

Pillar Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in sectors relevant to digital trade  |  Sub-pillar Screening of investment and acquisitions
Decree No. 45/2020 decreasing the Minimum Share Capital for the incorporation of Limited Liability Companies in the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (Decreto No. 45/2020 por el que se disminuye el Capital Social Mínimo para la constitución de Sociedades Mercantiles de Responsabilidad Limitada en la República de Guinea Ecuatorial)

Uniform Act on Commercial Companies and Economic Interest Groups (Acte uniforme révisé relatif au droit des sociétés commerciales et du groupement d'intérêt économique)
The only article of Decree No. 45/2020 establishes the amount of XAF 100,000 (approx. USD 165) as the minimum share capital for the incorporation of limited liability companies in Equatorial Guinea. Previously, under Art. 311 of the Uniform Act on Commercial Companies and Economic Interest Groups of the OHADA (Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa), the minimum capital required to register a limited liability company was one million XAF (approx. USD 1,650).
Coverage Horizontal
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ITA: [{"meta_value":"1.00"}]

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

ITA signatory? I II

Pillar Tariffs and trade defence measures applied on ICT goods  |  Sub-pillar Effective tariff rate to ICT goods (applied weighted average)
Effective tariff rate to ICT goods (applied weighted average)
12.26%
Coverage rate of zero-tariffs on ICT goods (%)
0.37%
Coverage: Digital goods

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

N/A

Pillar Tariffs and trade defence measures applied on ICT goods  |  Sub-pillar Participation in the WTO Information Technology Agreement (ITA) and 2015 expansion (ITA II)
Lack of participation in the Information Technology Agreement (ITA) and in ITA Expansion Agreement (ITA II)
Equatorial Guinea is not a signatory of the 1996 World Trade Organization (WTO) Information Technology Agreement (ITA) nor the 2015 expansion (ITA II) as it is not a member of the WTO.
Coverage ICT goods