Database

Browse Database

UZBEKISTAN

N/A

Pillar Cross-border data policies  |  Sub-pillar Participation in trade agreements committing to open cross-border data flows
Lack of participation in agreements with binding commitments on data flows
Uzbekistan has not joined any agreement with binding commitments to open transfers of data across borders.
Coverage Horizontal

UZBEKISTAN

Since July 2019, entry into force in October 2019, last amended in 2023

Pillar Domestic Data policies  |  Sub-pillar Framework for data protection
Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Personal Data - Act No. ЗРУ-547
(Ўзбекистон Республикасининг Қонуни Шахсга доир маълумотлар тўғрисида)
The Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Personal Data provides for a comprehensive regime of data protection regime in Uzbekistan. It is the first unified data protection law and outlines requirements for data subjects' consent, the purposes of processing, and notifying data subjects when transferring their personal data to a third party. The excludes biometric, educational, criminal and health information, previously included in a draft version, from its application.
Coverage Horizontal

UZBEKISTAN

Since July 2019, entry into force in October 2019, last amended in 2023

Pillar Cross-border data policies  |  Sub-pillar Conditional flow regime
Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Personal Data - Act No. ЗРУ-547 (Ўзбекистон Республикасининг Қонуни Шахсга доир маълумотлар тўғрисида)
In accordance with Art. 15 of the Law on Personal Data, cross-border transfers of personal data can be carried out when a foreign state ensures adequate protection for the rights of the subjects of personal data. In the absence of such protection, the cross-border transfer of personal data is allowed in the following cases:
- the data subject has consented to the cross-border transfer of their personal data;
- there is a need to protect constitutional order, public order, the rights and freedoms of citizens, or the health and the morals of the population; or
- it is stipulated by international treaties.
The transfer of personal data may be prohibited or restricted in order to protect the constitutional system of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, or to ensure the security of the State.
Coverage Horizontal

UZBEKISTAN

N/A

Pillar Telecom infrastructure and competition  |  Sub-pillar Presence of independent telecom authority
Lack of an independent telecom authority
The telecommunications authority in the country is the Ministry for Development of Information Technologies and Communications of the Republic of Uzbekistan (MiTC). Therefore, the authority is not independent in its decision-making and it is reported that it operates opaquely.
Coverage Telecommunications sector

UZBEKISTAN

Since July 2019, entry into force in October 2019, as amended in January 2021

Pillar Cross-border data policies  |  Sub-pillar Ban to transfer and local processing requirement
Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Personal Data - Act No. ЗРУ-547 (Ўзбекистон Республикасининг Қонуни Шахсга доир маълумотлар тўғрисида)
Art. 27-1 of the Law on Personal Data provides that the owners and/or operators are obliged to ensure that databases containing personal data of citizens of Uzbekistan are collected, systematized, and stored using technical means physically located in the territory of Uzbekistan. Moreover, the operators have to register their databases in the State Register of Personal Databases.
Coverage Horizontal

UZBEKISTAN

N/A

Pillar Telecom infrastructure and competition  |  Sub-pillar Signature of the WTO Telecom Reference Paper
Lack of appendment of WTO Telecom Reference Paper to schedule of commitments
Uzbekistan has not appended the World Trade Organization (WTO) Telecom Reference Paper to its schedule of commitments. In fact, Uzbekistan is not a member of the WTO.
Coverage Telecommunications sector

UZBEKISTAN

N/A

Pillar Telecom infrastructure and competition  |  Sub-pillar Functional/accounting separation for operators with significant market power
Lack of mandatory functional and accounting separation for dominant network operators
Uzbekistan does not mandate functional or accounting separation for operators with significant market power (SMP) in the telecom market.
Coverage Telecommunications sector

UZBEKISTAN

Since July 2021, last amended in 2023
Since February 2022, entry into force in March 2022, last amended in 2023

Pillar Telecom infrastructure and competition  |  Sub-pillar Other restrictions to operate in the telecom market
Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. LRU-701 on licensing, permitting and notification procedures (O‘zbekiston Respublikasining Qonuni Litsenziyalash, ruxsat berish va xabardor qilish tartib-taomillari to‘g‘risida)

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers No. 80 on approval of a unified regulation on the procedure for licensing certain types of activities through a special electronic system (O‘zbekiston Respublikasi Vazirlar Mahkamasining
qarori Maxsus elektron tizim orqali ayrim faoliyat turlarini litsenziyalash tartibi to‘g‘risidagi yagona nizomni tasdiqlash haqida)
It is reported that licensing can be an instrument of control in the telecommunications sector, that the process is often encumbered by political interests and has historically been marred by bribery. Annex No. 1 of Law No. LRU-701 lists the activities for which a licence is required, including design, construction, operation, and provision of services of telecommunications networks. In addition, Annex No. 15 of Resolution No. 80 lists the documents to be submitted for obtaining the license and establishes the licensing requirements and conditions to be met when carrying out licensed activities, including the licensee's participation in the implementation of national programs for the development of telecommunications to solve national problems, and the mandatory provision of services to consumers in rural areas, sparsely populated and hard-to-reach areas.
Coverage Telecommunications sector

UZBEKISTAN

Reported in 2023

Pillar Telecom infrastructure and competition  |  Sub-pillar Presence of shares owned by the government in telecom companies
Presence of shares owned by the government in the telecom sector
The government owns shares in several telecommunications companies. In particular, 96.4% of the shares of Uzbektelecom JSC are held by Uzbek public institutions. In addition, three of the five mobile operators active in the mobile market are state-owned, namely Ucell (49% owned by the State Assets Management Agency of the Republic of Uzbekistan), Mobiuz (fully owned by the Ministry for Development of Information Technologies and Communications), and UzMobile (sub-brand of Uzbektelecom).
Coverage Telecommunications sector

UZBEKISTAN

N/A

Pillar Telecom infrastructure and competition  |  Sub-pillar Passive infrastructure sharing obligation
Lack of obligation to share passive infrastructure
There is no obligation for passive infrastructure sharing in Uzbekistan to deliver telecom services to end users. However, it is reported that passive sharing is practiced in the mobile sector based on commercial agreements.
Coverage Telecommunications sector

UZBEKISTAN

Since September 2014

Pillar Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)  |  Sub-pillar Effective protection covering trade secrets
Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Trade Secrets - Act No. LRU-374 (Ўзбекистон Республикасининг Қонуни Тижорат Сири Тўғрисида)
Law LRU-374 provides a framework for effective protection of trade secrets.
Coverage Horizontal

UZBEKISTAN

Since July 2019

Pillar Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)  |  Sub-pillar Signature of the WIPO Copyright Treaty
WIPO Copyright Treaty
Uzbekistan has ratified the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Copyright Treaty in July 2019.
Coverage Horizontal

UZBEKISTAN

Since July 2019

Pillar Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)  |  Sub-pillar Signature of the WIPO Performances and Phonogram Treaty
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
Uzbekistan has ratified the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Performances and Phonograms Treaty in July 2019.
Coverage Horizontal

UZBEKISTAN

Reported in 2022

Pillar Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)  |  Sub-pillar Enforcement of copyright online
Lack of adequate enforcement of copyright online
It is reported that, despite the country continues to improve its copyright legal framework, there is a lack effective and transparent procedures to avoid piracy in relation to the use of software by the government.
Coverage Software

UZBEKISTAN

Since July 2006

Pillar Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)  |  Sub-pillar Copyright law with clear exceptions
Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Copyrights and Related Rights - Act No. LRU-42 (Ўзбекистон Республикасининг Қонуни Муаллифлик Ҳуқуқи Ва Турдош Ҳуқуқлар Тўғрисида)
Uzbekistan has a copyright regime under the Act No. LRU-42. However, the exceptions do not follow the fair use or fair dealing model, therefore limiting the lawful use of copyrighted work by others. The exceptions are listed in Arts. 25-33 and include the reproduction of works for personal use, the free use of works indicating the name of the author, the use of works by reprographic reproduction, the free use of works permanently located in places open to the public, free public performance of works, the use of works for the purposes of pre-investigation checks, preliminary inquiries, preliminary investigations, administrative and judicial proceedings, free short-term recording produced by broadcasting organizations, free reproduction and adaptation of computer software or databases.
Coverage Horizontal